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- Modulus, Inverse, Polar Form,...

This calculator finds the square root, modulus, inverse, conjugate and converts complex numbers to polar form. The solver explains each operation in detail, step by step.

working...

Examples

ex 1:

Calculate the complex conjugate of z = 2/3 – 3i.

ex 2:

Find the modulus of z = 1/2 + 3/4.

ex 3:

Find the inverse of 3 - 3i.

ex 4:

Find the polar form of z = 1/2 + 4i.

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Find more worked-out examples in our database of solved problems..

This calculator performs five operations on a single complex number: modulus, conjugate, inverse, roots and polar form. We will demonstrate how to solve each of these problems using five basic examples.

The **modulus** or magnitude of a complex number (denoted by |z|), is the distance between the origin and that number.

If the z = a + bi is a complex number than the modulus is

$$ \color{blue}{|z| = \sqrt{a^2 + b^2}} $$**Example 01:** Find the modulus of z = 6 + 3i.

In this example a = 6 and b = 3, so the modulus is:

$$ \begin{aligned} | z | &= \sqrt{ a^2 + b^2} = \sqrt{6^2 + 3^2} = \\[1 em] &= \sqrt{36 + 9} = \sqrt{45} = \\[1 em] &= \sqrt{9 \cdot 5} = 3 \sqrt{5} \end{aligned} $$To find the complex conjugate of a complex number, we just need to change the sign of the imaginary part.

The conjugate of z = a + bi, is z=a – bi

**Example 02:** The complex conjugate of z=3+4i is
z=3-4i.

**Example 03:** The conjugate of z=-4i is
z=4i.

**Example 04:** The conjugate of z=15 is z=15, too.

The inverse or reciprocal of a + bi is

$$ \color{blue}{ \frac{1}{a + b\,i}} $$Here is an example of how to find the inverse.

**Example 06:** Find the inverse of the number z=4+3i.

The polar form of a complex number z = a + ib is given as:

$$ z = |z| ( \cos \alpha + i \sin \alpha) $$**Example 05:** Express the complex number z = 2 + i in polar form.

To find a polar form, we need to calculate |z| and α using formulas in the above image.

$$ |z| = \sqrt{2^2 + 1^2} = \sqrt{5}$$ $$ \tan \alpha = \dfrac{b}{a} = \dfrac{1}{2} \implies \alpha = \tan^{-1}\left(\dfrac{1}{2}\right) \approx 27^{o} $$So, the polar form is:

$$ z = \sqrt{5} \left( \cos 27^o + i \sin27^o \right) $$RESOURCES

1. How to find conjugate and modulus ?

2. Polar form of a complex number — video tutorial with solved examples.

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