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- Equations of a Parallel and Perpendicular Line

This calculator find and plot equations of parallel and perpendicular to the given line and passes through given point. The calculator will generate a step-by-step explanation on how to obtain the result.

Equation of the line that passes through the point
$A(x_0, y_0)$ and is **parallel** to the line $y = mx + b$ is:

**Example:**

Find the equation of the line that passes through the point $A(-1, 2)$ and is parallel to the line $y = 2x - 3$

**Solution:**

In this example we have: $ x_0 = -1,~~ y_0 = 2,~~ m = 2$. So we have:

$$ \begin{aligned} y - y_0 & = m(x-x_0) \\ y - 2 & = 2(x-(-1)) \\ y - 2 & = 2x + 2 \\ y & = 2x + 2 + 2 \\ {\color{blue}{ y }} & {\color{blue}{ = 2x + 4}} \end{aligned} $$ ** Note :** If you want to solve this problem using above calculator, you need to rewrite
line equation in general form ( $2x - y - 3 = 0$ )

Equation of the line that passes through the point
$A(x_0, y_0)$ and is **perpendicular** to the line $y = mx + b$ is:

**Example:**

Find the equation of the line that passes through the point $A(-1, 2)$ and is perpendicular to the line $y = 2x - 3$

**Solution:**

In this example we have: $ x_0 = -1,~~ y_0 = 2,~~ m = 2$. So we have:

$$ \begin{aligned} y - y_0 & = -\frac{1}{m}(x-x_0) \\ y - 2 & = -\frac{1}{2}(x-(-1)) \\ y - 2 & = -\frac{1}{2}(x + 1) \\ (y - 2)\cdot{\color{red}{2}} & = -\frac{1}{2}\cdot{\color{red}{2}}(x + 1) \\ 2(y - 2) & = -(x + 1)\\ 2y - 4 & = -x - 1\\ 2y & = -x + 3\\ {\color{blue}{ y }} & = {\color{blue}{-\frac{1}{2}x + \frac{3}{2} }} \end{aligned} $$ ** Note :** If you want to solve this problem using above calculator, you need to rewrite
line equation in general form ( $2x - y - 3 = 0$ )

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